Philosophy comes first here. We use ethical philosophy as well as science (another branch of philosophy) to be the best parents we can be. Lies, superstition, and bullshit are our enemies. Here is a scientific examination of the sources of bullshit, and what we might do about it.
When “calling people out” as suggested, we find that doing so gently is essential to their willingness to accept new information. Providing that information is also crucial. We know what it’s like to be attacked for our position on the NAP, for example, and then the frustration that follows when we ask “So what principles do you use instead?” and are met with a blank stare.
From the article:
…if a person is expected or forced to have an opinion on a topic, even though they may not have the knowledge or experience to have an informed opinion, the social pressure will cause them to spout off. Second, if there is no accountability for bullshit, a person is more likely to let it roll.
….results do suggest a tactic for battling it: simply calling people out on their bullshit will usually put a stop to it.